Academic Sources

Johnson, C. Y., Bowker, J. M., & Cordell, H. K. (2001). Outdoor recreation constraints: An examination of race, gender, and rural dwelling. Southern Rural Sociology, 17(1), 111-133. 

Aitchison, C. C. (2005). Feminist and gender research in sport and leisure management: Understanding the social-cultural nexus of gender-power relations. Journal of Sport Management, 19(4), 422. 

Messner, M. A., Dunbar, M., & Hunt, D. (2000). The televised sports manhood formulaJournal of Sport & Social Issues24(4), 380-394.

Sabo, D. (1994). Different Stakes: Men’s Pursuit of Gender Equity in SportsSex, violence & power in sports, 202-213.

Sirakaya, E., & Sonmez, S. (2000). Gender images in state tourism brochures: An overlooked area in socially responsible tourism marketing. Journal of Travel Research, 38(4), 353-362.  

Heintzman, P. (2008). Men’s wilderness experience and spirituality: Further explorations. In Proceedings of the 2007 northeastern recreation research symposium (pp. 55-59).   

North Carolina State University. (2011, February 10). Think manager, think male? Impact of gender in sport administration hiring. ScienceDaily.

Masculinities, Gender Relations, and Sport

Masculinities, Gender Relations, and Sport Intro

Masculinities, Gender Relations, and Sport Chap 6

Masculinities, Gender Relations, and Sport Chap 7


Popular Sources

Gender Inequality in Collegiate Sports – The Atlantic

Sports and Gender: A History of Biological Racism – The BBC

Women and the National Park Service

Videos and Simulations